– Eco-tourism in the Argentine Northwest –
A place for contacting an unique biodiversity
With an unique characteristics of climate and geography which include mountains up to 6000 meters of altitude, jungle zones, valleys, arid zones and deserts, it is mainly an agricultural area with some mining activities and also has the largest natural gas reserves of the country. This region is also known for its strong cultural traditions and crafts.
The Argentine Northwest is formed by the provinces of Jujuy, a part of Salta and some areas of Tucumán and Catamarca. In this area, the eco-tourism options tend to focus on the contemplation of natural landscapes, such as:
- Calilegua National Park: Located in the Jujuy province has more than 76,000 hectares dedicated to the cloud forest conservation. It has a stepped arboreal vegetation that provide to visitors an incredible show of colors.
Eco-tourism options such as campsites, photographic safaris, botanical expeditions and bird watching are offered. This park is the habitat of around 260 identified species of birds (more than 25% of birds species in the country), being in addition an extraordinary reserve for local fauna.
- La Quebrada de Humahuaca: One of the areas in the Argentine northwest with greater potential for eco-tourism, where a deep historical tradition is mixed with culture and archaeological riches. It is known because it was the Inca’s road before the Spanish colonization. It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 2003.
This zone is formed by a long and narrow valley crossed from north to south by the “Rio Grande”, which receives its affluents from the gulch’s rivers: Calete, Yacoraite, Jueya and Huichaira. It has stunning sceneries, which are ideal for contacting nature such as: The hill of the seven colors in Purmamarca, Barcena, Volcán and Humahuaca, and Tres Cruces.
- The Puna: It is an elevated plateau with an approximate height of 3.500 masl. In this region, it is common to find lagoons and salt flats like the Pozuelos Lagoon Nature Reserve. The Puna also offers campsites and is an excellent option for bird watching and hiking.